History of .22-250 Ammunition
The .22-250 Remington cartridge was developed in 1937 as a collaboration of Grosvenor Wotkyns, J.E. Gebby and J.E. Smith. They modified a .250 Savage case (which itself was modified from a .30-06 cartridge) by decreasing the neck size to accept a .224 caliber bullet. An interesting fact about the .22-250 is that it is possible to load the cartridge to achieve muzzle velocities that range from 1,500 feet per second to 4,500 feet per second. Performance across this large spectrum of velocity is reportedly consistent, as grouping is good, independent of velocity. Bullets weight between 35 and 64 grains, and bullet choices range from PSP to V-Max, allowing a single caliber to accomplish wide range of tasks.
This cartridge was designed initially as a caliber for long range varmint hunting as far out as 400 yards. The cartridge, with its high velocity and resulting energy, is even a good choice for hunting deer sized game as far out as 100 yards. The .22-250 Remington saw military service in the 1980’s. For urban sniping operations, the Australian Special Air Service employed this cartridge to decrease the risk of ricochet as well as over penetration.
Most major manufacturers have a rifle available for the .22-250 Remington with many different actions, yet one of the most popular rifles is built by the company that developed the cartridge, Remington. Bolt action is the most common type for these rifles as varmint hunters, the intended audience for this cartridge, are partial to bolt action rifles.
The .22-250 maintains its popularity due to its excellent accuracy and mild recoil. The ammunition is widely available at price points similar to other .22 caliber center fire ammo. The .22-250 performs well for many applications over wide ranges and can be depended upon for consistency. One gun writer wrote that the cartridge was “boringly accurate,” a reference to the predictable performance of the .22-250, certainly no insult for this great varmint cartridge.