00 Buck: 00 Buck Ammo Explained
00 buck, or double-aught buckshot, is probably the most famous type of shotgun ammo of all time. Even people unfamiliar with firearms know of it from movies and television. This ammo type, as the name implies, is for hunting deer and large game. Due to the stopping power it offers, it's also one of the most widely used types of shotgun ammunition for home defense. The 00 buck sends nine large caliber pellets flying at over 1,300 feet per second, and is powerful enough to go through car doors, metal panels and whatever else you may be shooting.
00 buck is used to hunt deer, moose, caribou and any large game. The preferred range for shotgun hunting is usually 50 yards or less, but a well-patterned weapon can go further. The penetration makes it superb for areas with light brush that don’t suit your normal rifle ammo very well. Stick to large game and targets with most buck shot, as shooting birds or smaller animals is not likely to be very effective due to the low pellet count. For small game and birds, your best bet would be a #6 or smaller shot size.
Self defense has been one of the primary uses for 00 buck since it was loaded into shotgun shells. The stopping power and penetration are superior to all the other buckshot sizes on the market. Today, low recoil and coated shot make 00 buck a great choice for home defense. The key to the effectiveness of this load is multiple projectiles – even though an individual pellet doesn't carry a great deal of energy, when all nine pellets strike the target, a massive wound channel is created. This wound channel is what creates the shock needed to stop an attacker.
A great thing about 00 buck is it’s carried almost universally in gun shops, both physical and online. Compared to #4 buck or other lesser-known types, it’s very easy to get your hands on – and it's common to go on sale. You simply can’t go wrong with 00, it’s most often found in 12 gauge, but can be found in others as well.