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Developed by Georg Luger in 1902, the 9x19mm Luger has become the most popular handgun cartridge in the world – used by more than 60% of the world's law enforcement agencies. To shop 9mm ammo in bulk, check out our 9mm bulk ammo page. Although not the most powerful, the 9mm has mild recoil and stellar accuracy compared to other cartridges in its class. Learn More
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  1. Remington HTP 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 147 Grain JHP Ammunition


    29 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 147 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 990 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 320 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.38 per round
    • Made by Remington
  2. Federal Personal Defense 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 147 Grain HST JHP Ammunition


    18 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 147 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Nickel-Plated Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1000 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 326 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.40 per round
    • Made by Federal
  3. Federal Hydra-Shok Deep 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 135 Grain JHP Ammunition


    76 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 135 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Nickel-Plated Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1060 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 337 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.40 per round
    • Made by Federal
  4. Underwood 9mm +P+ Ammo - 20 Rounds of 90 Grain Xtreme Defender Ammunition

    As low as $22.99 in bulk
    • $22.99 each if you buy 3save 18%

    130 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 90 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Nickel-Plated Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1550 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 480 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.15 to $1.40 per round
    • Made by Underwood
  5. Federal 9mm Ammo - 200 Rounds of 124 Grain JHP HST Ammunition


    7 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 124 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Nickel-Plated Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1150 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 364 ft lbs
    • 200 Rounds
    • $1.40 per round
    • Made by Federal
  6. Federal HST 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 124 Grain JHP Ammunition


    113 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 124 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Nickel-Plated Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1150 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 364 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.50 per round
    • Made by Federal
  7. Black Hills Ammunition Subsonic 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 125 Grain HoneyBadger Ammunition


    80 In stock now

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 +10
    Bullet type 125 Grain
    Primer Type Boxer
    Casing Type Brass
    Condition New
    Muzzle Velocity 1050 FPS
    Muzzle Energy 306 ft lbs
    • 20 Rounds
    • $1.55 per round
    • Made by Black Hills Ammunition
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History of 9mm Ammo

Whether you call it the 9mm Luger, 9mm Parabellum, 9mm NATO, 9 millimeter, or just plain 9mm, 9x19mm ammunition is the most popular cartridge for handguns in the world – with more than 60% of the world's law enforcement agencies currently using this ammo. The role of 9mm Luger bullets in World War I and its continued popularity today testifies to its capabilities as an efficient and effective cartridge.

Yet the 9mm’s journey from a bullet designed for submachine guns to, perhaps, one of the most controversial self-defense cartridges in the world, has been one of exponential growth and development. This continues into today’s modern world, over 100 years since its conception.

9mm Ammo Comparison

Originally designed as a handgun caliber, the 9mm has reinvented itself multiple times throughout its brief 115-or-so years. In that time period, it’s been found in the barrel of full-sized handguns, pocket pistols, revolvers, carbines, and even submachine guns. This variety of uses for a single caliber leaves many shooters who buy 9mm ammo confused about 9mm Luger vs. 9mm NATO or 9mm Luger vs. 9mm Parabellum or 9x19mm vs. 9mm. The simple answer is that it's all the same – other than the NATO ammo being slightly heavier.

The 9x19mm Parabellum is an ammunition cartridge with a bullet measuring 9mm in diameter and a casing that measures 19mm in length. The name “Parabellum” comes from the motto of the first company to manufacture 9x19mm ammo, the German munitions manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). The DWM’s Latin motto – “Si vis pacem, para bellum” translates to “If you want peace, prepare for war,” and therefore Parabellum means “prepare for war.”

The cartridge is often labeled as the 9mm Luger, associated with its developer’s last name (in other words, the 9x19mm Parabellum and 9mm Luger are the same cartridge). Other times, it’s 9mm NATO, which is still the same size ammunition, but with a slightly heavier bullet – 124 grain (gr) compared to 115 gr – and loaded to a higher pressure (think +P) than traditional range or training rounds.

The 9mm cartridge, unlike most other ammunitions, has a slightly tapered casing. When stacking bullets side by side, notice the spacing difference between the bottom of the casing and the top. This increases the reliability and accuracy of feeding ammo from the magazine into the firearm, allowing it to happen quickly and without fail.

The Development of the 9mm

In 1902, DWM firearms designer Georg Luger developed the 9mm Parabellum as a service cartridge, designed for the DWM Luger semi-automatic pistol called the Pistole Parabellum, aka the Luger. He designed it to be lethal at 50 meters.

This new caliber improved on the previous handgun ammunition, which was large and heavy. Still today, the compact cartridge has less recoil and allows for easy handling. It’s lightweight, accurate, and because of its small size, handguns chambered in 9mm hold significantly more cartridges than those in higher calibers.

By the time WWI erupted, the first submachine guns were introduced and they were chambered for 9mm ammunition – given its ability to penetrate through field gear. Magazine-fed, fully automatic carbines, some of these submachine guns could shoot 900 rounds a minute.

After the birth of the Browning Hi-Power in 1935, and the gun’s prevalence in WWII, the 9x19mm’s popularity spread. As time passed, its use grew to encompass not only the armed forces, but police agencies and civilian self-defense as well. But the milestones for the 9mm didn’t end here – they continued with:

  • NATO adopting the 9x19 Parabellum in 1955 as their official sidearm cartridge
  • The U.S. Military exchanging the venerable .45 ACP ammo for the 9mm as their official cartridge
  • Some of the country’s largest police forces, like New York City and Los Angeles, adopting the 9mm cartridge, which has been proven ballistically superior to the .38 revolver
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation returning to the 9mm Parabellum in 2014, after they had left it for a brief period of time for the more modern 10mm cartridges

By the 1990s, many civilian gun owners moved away from handguns like the .38 Special and .357 Magnum, favoring 9mm semi-automatic handguns. When it comes to 357 vs. 9mm, the 357 has more stopping power, while the 9mm has less recoil with comparable ballistics – making it popular for self defense. Ammunition availability has followed this trend, with 9mm cartridges more plentiful and easier to find than most cartridges. According to the 14th edition of Cartridges of the World, 9mm ammunition led the entire market in 2013, making up 21.4% of the whole cartridge market, followed by .223 Rem at 10.2%.

Is 9mm Ammo Good for Self Defense?

One of the things that makes 9mm ammunition and the handguns that are chambered for it so popular is that they’re easy to handle, yet still effective as a self-defense weapon. While not the most powerful ammo cartridge, 9mm ammunition allows for better control and quicker follow-up shots. This helps beginner shooters and those with smaller frames handle the recoil, which can be difficult with larger calibers.

As a concealed carry weapon (CCW), 9mm handguns remain easy to shoot, even in subcompacts. They’re easy to conceal on the body, especially for women. And with modern ballistics, self-defense 9mm ammo is as deadly as a .40 Smith & Wesson or .45 ACP cartridge. In 2014, the FBI released a report comparing the three cartridges and determined that the 9mm is, in fact, similar in both effectiveness and stopping power. And with less recoil and its ability to be controlled by everyone, the 9mm is an appropriate, universal weapon for organizations like the FBI, and also for civilians.

To combat marksmanship, it’s not just about the power of the ammo – it’s also about shot placement. And in many cases, even with people who regularly shoot high-caliber pistols, shot placement with a 9mm handgun is more accurate, more often.

9mm Ammo Types & Their Uses

For use in the armed forces, law enforcement, and self defense, there have been times the 9mm cartridge has spurred much debate over its lack of stopping power, especially when compared to .45 ACP ammo. Yet with modern technology, 9mm ammunition comes in a variety of types for a multitude of situations – including combat, on-duty, and defense.

  • Unjacketed: Unjacketed ammo features plan lead bullets with no outer casing, making them slow and less powerful
  • Full metal jackets (FMJ): 9mm FMJ ammo is, by far, the most common and features a lead bullet encased in copper or another hard metal; they’re used primarily for target and range shooting
  • Jacketed hollow point (JHP): 9mm JHP ammo features a lead bullet with a hollow point inside, but is still encased in copper; these bullets expand on impact, increasing stopping power, and are used by the military, law enforcement, and for self defense
  • Open tip match (OTM): OTM ammunition is designed for target and competition shooting, similar to hollow points, but not as deadly, these cartridges are accurate and consistent
  • Ballistic tips: Hollow point ammo with a plastic tip, 9mm ballistic cartridges are designed for pistol hunting, bringing stopping power and distance

Beyond these differences in bullet design, there’s variances in bullet weight, casing, and pressure. Most FMJ 9mm ammunition weighs between 115 and 147 gr. General range rounds weigh 115 gr, while 9mm NATO is 124 gr, and some 9mm self-defense rounds are even heavier at 135 gr.

Casings on 9mm cartridges, sometimes referred to as the shells, are made from brass, aluminum, or steel. Brass is by far the most common due to the ease of reloading, while steel is used to keep costs down. Aluminum is becoming more popular because it’s affordable and lightweight, although it can’t be reloaded, making many avid shooters stick to traditional brass shells.

There’s a noticeable difference with more powerful ammo when it comes to its loaded pressure. 9mm NATO, self-defense cartridges, and 9mm +P or +P+ rounds – all four types of these cartridges fire hotter and have an increase in power due to higher pressure.

Are There Different Types of 9mm Cartridges?

While 9mm Luger ammo (aka the 9mm Parabellum and the 9x19mm) is the world’s most popular cartridge in both military handguns and submachine guns, it’s not the only 9mm cartridge available. A wide range of rounds featuring the 9mm bullet have been developed since its birth in 1902, some better than others.

  • 9mm Ultra: Also referred to as 9mm Police, these cartridges were designed for the German police and fall between the 9mm Luger and the .380 Auto. The shell measures one mm shorter than the Luger and one mm longer than the .380, leading to a casing length just .04 inches shorter than the 9x19mm. Although this cartridge is difficult to find in the U.S., there are a handful of nice firearms chambered for it, including the Sig Sauer P230 and Benelli B76 Auto.
  • 9mm Bayard Long: This 9mm cartridge was designed for the 1910 Model Bergmann-Bayard pistol, which was the official sidearm of the Danish military during the period. Although the cartridge (and the firearms they were designed for) were never manufactured in the U.S., some Spanish pistols were chambered for the 9mm Bayard Long and the ammo gained popularity after World War II due to military surplus.
  • 9mm Browning Long: The 9mm Browning Long was a European cartridge designed for the FN Browning 1903 Model pistol, which became the official sidearm of Sweden in 1907. Many of these pistols were released to the public after WWII as military surplus and most have been altered to fire .380 ACP ammo.
  • 9mm Mauser: The 9mm Mauser was used for a brief period from its development in 1908 for the Export Model Mauser until the gun was discontinued in 1914. Nearly a quarter-inch longer than the 9mm Luger, this rimless cartridge did have a comeback during WWI when some submachine guns were chambered for it.
  • 9mm Winchester Magnum: Released in 1988, the 9mm Winchester Magnum was designed for the stainless steel Wildey gas-operated pistol used in silhouette competitions.
  • 9mm Glisenti: The Italian military used the 9mm Glisenti during WWI and WWII. Although it highly resembles the 9mm Luger, they’re not interchangeable. The Glisenti has a significantly lighter load and the Model 1910 Glisenti automatic pistols the cartridge was designed for can’t handle the power of a 9mm Luger.
  • 9mm ABC Mi-Bullet: Made by Advanced Ballistics Concepts, LLC, the 9mm Mi-bullet features a multipart bullet that uses Kevlar tethers that unlock and expand, allowing this 9mm cartridge to act like a shotshell. Designed as a self-defense load, the bullet reaches maximum expansion at 12 feet and holds its pattern until 21 feet, increasing the probability of hitting an attacker.
  • 9x21mm: In countries like Italy, Mexico, and France, the government prohibits its citizens from owning firearms chambered in military calibers, which makes the 9mm Luger illegal. To overcome this, the 9x21mm was developed, measuring just two mm longer than the 9x19mm.
  • 9mm Steyr: Designed for the Austrian military pistol, the Steyr Model 1912 Auto, the 9mm Steyr is longer than the Parabellum, with a case length of 23mm. Common in Austria, this cartridge is also found in Romania and Chile.
  • 9x23mm Winchester: Winchester released its 9x23mm Winchester ammunition in 1996. Designed to meet the specific regulations of the International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC). A high-pressure cartridge, the 9x23 Winchester looks like a stretched out 9mm Luger, but has many internal differences.
  • 9mm Federal: The 9mm Federal was designed as a rimmed 9mm Luger for revolvers – specifically the Charter Arms PitBull, a five-shot double-action revolver. This firearm was only briefly manufactured after the cartridge’s creation in 1989, as Charter Arms went out of business (although the company later reopened).
  • 9mm Kurz: The 9mm Kurz uses a 9mm bullet in a shorter, 17mm casing. Designed in 1912 by John Browning, this ammunition is sometimes referred to as the 9mm Browning Short, but is most commonly known as the .380 ACP.

9mm ammo has come a long way since its conception over a century ago, dominating the ammunition market as well as law enforcement agencies to this day. With its many types of cartridges, variety of uses, range of ammo types, affordability, ease of use, and ability to work in different firearms – the 9mm Luger (or whatever you’d like to call it) will remain one of the most popular calibers for years to come.


What is the difference between 9mm and 9mm Luger ammo?

Both terms, 9mm and 9mm Luger, represent the same ammunition, which is officially classified by the Sporting Arms and Ammunitions Manufacturers’ Institute (SAMMI) as the 9mm Luger. The 9mm refers to the diameter of the bullet and Luger comes from the Luger semi-automatic pistol, the firearm the ammunition was initially created for (designed by the German inventor, Georg Luger).
The ammo is also referred to as the 9mm Parabellum, which originates from the manufacturer’s motto: Si vis pacem, para bellum (“If you seek peace, prepare for war”).

How much does 9mm ammo cost?

The price of 9mm ammo depends on a variety of factors, including the number of rounds in the box, the type of ammunition, the brand, and if the ammo is on sale. Specialty rounds, such as bullets with ballistic tips, can also cost more. For instance, Magtech full metal jacket (FMJ) ammo designed for the shooting range tends to be less expensive than Hornady jacketed hollow point (JHP) rounds meant for self defense.

What is the difference between 115 grain and 124 grain 9mm ammo?

Grain (often written as gr) refers to the weight of a bullet. The 115 gr 9mm bullet is the standard weight for the 9mm Luger, while the slightly heavier 124 gr bullet is the military style 9mm NATO. If all other factors are the same, the lighter 115 gr 9mm bullet will have a faster muzzle velocity, while the 124 gr bullet will have more muzzle energy.

What is the best 9mm ammo?

The best 9mm ammo depends on the shooters purpose, needs, and preferences. For target shooting, FMJ ammo may be best as it penetrates the target and is less expensive. For those carrying concealed for self defense, these rounds aren’t ideal as they can over penetrate and have less stopping power, making a defense or duty JHP round a better choice.

What is the difference between FMJ and JHP 9mm ammo?

FMJ stands for Full Metal Jacket and describes a bullet that has a lead core completely coated with a harder metal, most often copper. This full metal jacket reduces lead residue in the barrel and helps the bullet keep its shape as it travels towards its target. JHP stands for Jacketed Hollow Point and describes a lead bullet, jacketed in a harder metal, that has a hole in its tip. This hollow point causes the projectile to mushroom upon impact, reducing the risk of over penetration and creating more stopping power.

What is the quietest 9mm ammo?

The quietest 9mm ammo is called subsonic and it stays at a velocity below 1,100 fps, which means the bullet moves slower than the speed of sound. This ammunition doesn’t create a sonic boom, or sonic crack, which is heard when firing ammunition with high velocity. Although most 9mm ammo is supersonic, or has a velocity greater than 1,100 fps, some slower rounds can be found. Most often, subsonic ammo features a heavier projectile or comes in a specialty round, such as frangible ammo. Magtech, Hornady, and Sellier & Bellot, amongst others, manufacture subsonic 9mm ammo.

What is the best frangible 9mm ammo?

There are multiple brands of frangible 9mm ammo available. Fiocchi is a reputable brand with these specialty 9mm bullets, as is Federal.

What 9mm ammo does the FBI use?

When the FBI returned to the 9mm as its bullet of choice, forgoing the .40 S&W, the agency opted for the 147-grain Speer Gold Dot G2. Similar to a JHP, the G2 round has a hollow area in the nose of the bullet, but unlike the JHP with its large cavity, the G2 features a shallow divot filled with a high performing elastomer. With these rounds, a shooter can expect uniform expansion, 12-18 inches of penetration, and consistent results.

What 9mm ammo does the military use?

Since the dawning of the United States in 1776, the US Military first used lead bullets, then full metal jacket (FMJ) ammo. Just as recently as 2015, the Armed Forces took a step forward and embraced more modern bullet technology by adopting jacketed hollow points (JHP). While some options are available for some military units, most use a 147-grain 9mm bullet.

What is the best 9mm ammo for self-defense?

The best 9mm ammo for self defense generally features a Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) bullet. These bullets expand on impact, creating a larger wound and more stopping power than the traditional Full Metal Jacket (FMJ). JHP are also less likely to overpenetrate the target. Multiple companies manufacture self defense ammunition and popular brands include Hornady, Federal, and Prvi Partizan.

9mm Ballistics: Chart of Average 9mm Luger Ballistics

Note: This information comes from the manufacturer and is for informational purposes only. The actual ballistics obtained with your firearm can vary considerably from the advertised ballistics. Also, ballistics can vary from lot to lot with the same brand and type load.

9mm Bullet WEIGHT Muzzle VELOCITY (fps) Muzzle ENERGY (ft. lbs.) Mid-Range TRAJECTORY (in.) Barrel Length (in.)
  Muzzle 50 yds. 100 yds. Muzzle 50 yds. 100 yds. 50 yds. 100 yds.  
80 Grain 1445 n/a n/a n/a 385 n/a n/a n/a n/a
88 Grain


1190 1010 440 275 200 0.6 3.1 4"
90 Grain 1360 1112 978 370 247 191 n/a n/a 4"
92 Grain 1325 1117 991 359 255 201 -3.2 n/a 4"
95 Grain 1300 1140 1010 350 275 215 0.8 3.4 4"
100 Grain 1180 1080 n/a 305 255 n/a 0.9 n/a 4"
105 Grain "Guard Dog" 1230 1070 970 355 265 220 n/a n/a 4"
115 Grain 1155 1045 970 340 280 240 0.9 3.9 4"
123 Grain 1110 1030 970 340 290 260 1 4 4"
124 Grain 1150 1040 965 364 298 256 -4.5 n/a 4"
125 Grain 1110 1030 970 340 290 260 1 4 4"
135 Grain 1010 960 918 306 276 253 n/a n/a 4"
140 Grain 935 890 850 270 245 225 1.3 5.5 4"
147 Grain 990 940 900 320 290 265 1.1 4.9 4"
90 Grain +P 1475 n/a n/a 437 n/a n/a n/a n/a 4"
115 Grain +P 1250 1113 1019 399 316 265 0.8 3.5 4"
124 Grain +P 1180 1089 1021 384 327 287 0.8 3.8 4"
Molly Carter
Written by
Molly Carter

Customer Reviews

  • C said:

    Very quiet with suppressor, I would assume anyone buying this product will run it through a suppressor. Barnaul 151 grain is just as quiet, but is not brass. Stealth is all brass which is a plus, but can't pick it up with a magnet. Barnaul primers are magnetic. I have ran both through MP5, OVER 2,000 EACH AND NO ISSUES WHAT SO EVER. NOTHING. Stelth is very good ammo. No complaints what so ever. Well just a little pricey. Hope this helps. C

  • Itsok said:

    Shot well, good groups. only one flyer out of 250

  • Mark said:

    Recently shot 300 rounds in Walther ppq q5 SF, Canik Tp9SF, Sar9 USA and Ruger PC9 carbine. I had no misfires or FTE problems and the ammo was very accurate. When cleaning guns found little to no residue. I was very impressed and would buy again

  • Pottert said:

    I’ve used them in the past was very pleased ,they were accurate,held good grouping,they had good proformance.

  • William T said:

    Regrettably price for ammunition during the shortage is higher than previous pricing. That said, this is a great range practice round. Recommend.

  • Jan said:

    No complaints with the rounds, performed as promised. Prices were a little high for 9mm but hey supply and demand. I would recommend them.

  • Heath said:

    I was really happy with these, zero issues.

  • Gunlaw said:

    We shot a few hundred rounds through several handguns. The only one that had any trouble was my wife's Si P938 (9mm). A few FTF even though the primer cap was dented it wasn't hard enough to set off the primer.

  • Crippler said:

    I have a SW Shield EZ and Glock 17, and I shoot CCI Brass and aluminum and they have never given problems. For my guns, it is a good deal. Shot metal jacket and had shavings on the slide and malfunction. CCI Brass and Aluminum have never given me a problem.

  • Stilly said:

    Not the highest quality, but for the price the purchase can't be beat!

  • steve9199 said:

    I haven't fired any of the rounds I recently purchased, but having used Remington ammunition before, I know it's very high quality. I've heard some glowing reviews of the Golden Sabre ammunition, and I can't wait to try it out.

  • Dandee491 said:

    Shot a box of 150 rounds. Dirty but no problems. Dirty as leaves black on hands and dirt in barrel.

  • big bob said:

    first time I used this ammo, started out good but then it started jamming, Used 5 different clips but the rounds would not cycle all the way. I had 350 rounds of cci brass, Shot the full 350 with no hang up.

  • 45Mudman said:

    Bought 500 rds. first mag, would not feed, S&W M&P, tried it in a Taurus 709 same thing, tried some in a hi-point 9mm, made it through the first mag then the second, hmm what;s up with this? third mag 2nd round no feed, 4th same. Sorry to say I wasted hard earned money on target and practice ammo I can't use. Don't buy.