9mm Ammo

Developed by Georg Luger in 1902, the 9x19mm Luger has become the most popular handgun cartridge in the world – used by more than 60% of the world's law enforcement agencies. Although not the most powerful, the 9mm has mild recoil and stellar accuracy compared to other cartridges in its class. Learn More

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  1. Hornady 9mm Ammo - 250 Rounds of 135 Grain JHP Ammunition

    15 In stock now

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    $204.99 Price

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    • 250 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady

    • New Condition
    • 250 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • 82¢ Cost Per Round
    • Hornady SKU 90236
    • UPC 10090255902362
  2. Hornady 9mm Ammo - 25 Rounds of 115 Grain JHP Ammunition

    44 In stock now

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    $21.00 Price

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    • American-made Self-Defense
    • 84¢ Cost Per Round
    • Hornady SKU 90250
    • UPC 090255902501
  3. Magtech 9mm +P Ammo - 20 Rounds of 124 Grain JHP Ammunition

    35 In stock now

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    $17.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
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    • Foreign-made Self-Defense
    • 85¢ Cost Per Round
    • Magtech SKU GG9B
    • UPC 754908175314
  4. Hornady 9mm Ammo - 25 Rounds of 135 Grain JHP Ammunition

    44 In stock now
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    $22.25 Price

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    • 25 Rounds
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    • 25 Rounds
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    • American-made Self-Defense
    • 89¢ Cost Per Round
    • Hornady SKU 90236
    • UPC 090255902365
  5. Hornady 9mm Ammo - 25 Rounds of 135 Grain JHP Ammunition

    47 In stock now

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    $23.00 Price

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    • 25 Rounds
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    • 25 Rounds
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    • American-made Self-Defense
    • 92¢ Cost Per Round
    • Hornady SKU 90226
    • UPC 090255902266
  6. Winchester Super Clean Non-Toxic 9mm Ammo - 50 Rounds of 105 Grain JSP Ammunition

    16 In stock now

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    $47.00 Price

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    • 50 Rounds
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    • American-made Self-Defense
    • 94¢ Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU SC9NT
    • UPC 020892211193
  7. Magtech First Defense 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 92.6 Grain SCHP Ammunition

    28 In stock now
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    $20.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Magtech

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Magtech
    • Foreign-made Self-Defense
    • $1.00 Cost Per Round
    • Magtech SKU FD9A
    • UPC 754908184316
  8. Winchester W Train & Defend 9mm Ammo - 200 Rounds of 147 Grain JHP Ammunition

    10 In stock now

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    $200.00 Price

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    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

    • New Condition
    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.00 Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU W9MMD
    • UPC 00020892220508
  9. Winchester Silvertip 9mm Ammo - 50 Rounds of 115 Grain JHP Ammunition

    36 In stock now

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    $50.00 Price

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    • 50 Rounds
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    • 50 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.00 Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU X9MMSHP
    • UPC 020892201392
  10. Federal 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 135 Grain JHP Ammunition

    44 In stock now

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    $21.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.05 Cost Per Round
    • Federal SKU PD9HS5H
    • UPC 029465091484
  11. Barnes 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 115 Grain HP Ammunition

    57 In stock now

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    $21.99 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Barnes

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Barnes
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.10 Cost Per Round
    • Barnes SKU 21551
    • UPC 716876135110
  12. Winchester W Train and Defend 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 147 Grain JHP Ammunition

    23 In stock now

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    $22.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.10 Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU W9MMD
    • UPC 020892220492
  13. Federal 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 147 Grain JHP Ammunition

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    $23.50 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.18 Cost Per Round
    • Federal SKU P9HS2
    • UPC 029465088095
  14. Speer 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 124 Grain JHP Ammunition

    42 In stock now

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    $23.75 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Speer

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Speer
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.19 Cost Per Round
    • Speer SKU 23618
    • UPC 076683236180
  15. Winchester 9mm +P Ammo - 20 Rounds of 124 Grain JHP Ammunition

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    $24.99 Price

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    • Made by Winchester

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    • 20 Rounds
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    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.25 Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU S9MMPDB
    • UPC 020892217812
  16. Winchester 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 147 Grain JHP Ammunition

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    $25.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.25 Cost Per Round
    • Winchester SKU S9MMPDB1
    • UPC 020892217836
  17. Federal Premium Personal Defense 9mm Ammo - 20 Rounds of 150 Grain JHP Ammunition

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    $25.00 Price

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    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Self-Defense
    • $1.25 Cost Per Round
    • Federal SKU P9HST5S
    • UPC 604544617047
  18. CCI 9mm Ammo - 10 Rounds of 53 Grain #12 Shot Ammunition

    47 In stock now

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    $16.99 Price

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    • 10 Rounds
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    • 10 Rounds
    • Made by CCI
    • Discount Aluminum
    • $1.70 Cost Per Round
    • CCI SKU 3790
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Whether you call it the 9mm Luger, 9mm Parabellum, 9mm NATO, or just plain 9mm, the 9x19mm cartridge is the most popular ammunition cartridge for handguns in the world – with more than 60% of the world's law enforcement agencies currently using this ammo. The role of the 9mm Luger in World War I and its continued popularity today testifies to its capabilities as an efficient and effective cartridge.

Yet the 9mm’s journey from a bullet designed for submachine guns to, perhaps, one of the most controversial self-defense cartridges in the world, has been one of exponential growth and development. This continues into today’s modern world, over 100 years since its conception.

What is the Difference Between 9x19mm Parabellum & 9mm Luger?

The 9x19mm Parabellum is an ammunition cartridge with a bullet measuring 9mm in diameter and a casing that measures 19mm in length. The name “Parabellum” comes from the motto of the first company to manufacture the 9x19mm, the German munitions manufacturer Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken (DWM). The DWM’s Latin motto – “Si vis pacem, para bellum” translates to “If you want peace, prepare for war,” and therefore Parabellum means “prepare for war.”

The cartridge is often labeled as the 9mm Luger, associated with its developer’s last name (in other words, the 9x19mm Parabellum and 9mm Luger are the same cartridge). Other times, it’s 9mm NATO, which is still the same size ammunition, but with a slightly heavier bullet – 124 grain (gr) compared to 115 gr – and loaded to a higher pressure (think +P) than traditional range or training rounds.

The 9mm cartridge, unlike most other ammunitions, has a slightly tapered casing. When stacking bullets side by side, notice the spacing difference between the bottom of the casing and the top. This increases the reliability and accuracy of feeding ammo from the magazine into the firearm, allowing it to happen quickly and without fail.

Originally designed as a handgun caliber, the 9mm has reinvented itself multiple times throughout its brief 115-or-so years. In that time period, it’s been found in the barrel of full-sized handguns, pocket pistols, revolvers, carbines, and even submachine guns.

The Development of the 9mm

In 1902, DWM firearms designer Georg Luger developed the 9mm Parabellum as a service cartridge, designed for the DWM Luger semi-automatic pistol called the Pistole Parabellum, aka the Luger. He designed it to be lethal at 50 meters.

This new caliber improved on the previous handgun ammunition, which was large and heavy. Still today, the compact cartridge has less recoil and allows for easy handling. It’s lightweight, accurate, and because of its small size, handguns chambered in 9mm hold significantly more cartridges than those in higher calibers.

By the time WWI erupted, the first submachine guns were introduced and they were chambered for 9mm ammunition – given its ability to penetrate through field gear. Magazine-fed, fully automatic carbines, some of these submachine guns could shoot 900 rounds a minute.

After the birth of the Browning Hi-Power in 1935, and the gun’s prevalence in WWII, the 9x19mm’s popularity spread. As time passed, its use grew to encompass not only the armed forces, but police agencies and civilian self-defense as well. But the milestones for the 9mm didn’t end here – they continued with:

  •  NATO adopting the 9x19 Parabellum in 1955 as their official sidearm cartridge
  • The U.S. Military exchanging the venerable .45 ACP for the 9mm as their official cartridge
  • Some of the country’s largest police forces, like New York City and Los Angeles, adopting the 9mm cartridge, which has been proven ballistically superior to the .38 revolver
  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation returning to the 9mm Parabellum in 2014, after they had left it for a brief period of time for the more modern 10mm cartridges

By the 1990s, many civilian gun owners moved away from handguns like the .38 Special and .357 Magnum, favoring 9mm semi-automatic handguns. Ammunition availability has followed this trend, with 9mm cartridges more plentiful and easier to find than most cartridges. According to the 14th edition of Cartridges of the World, 9mm ammunition led the entire market in 2013, making up 21.4% of the whole cartridge market, followed by .223 Rem at 10.2%.

Is 9mm Ammo Good for Self Defense?

One of the things that makes 9mm ammunition and the handguns that are chambered for it so popular is that they’re easy to handle, yet still effective as a self-defense weapon. While not the most powerful ammo cartridge, 9mm ammunition allows for better control and quicker follow-up shots. This helps beginner shooters and those with smaller frames handle the recoil, which can be difficult with larger calibers.

As a concealed carry weapon (CCW), 9mm handguns remain easy to shoot, even in subcompacts. They’re easy to conceal on the body, especially for women. And with modern ballistics, self-defense 9mm ammo is as deadly as a .40 Smith & Wesson  or .45 ACP cartridge. In 2014, the FBI released a report comparing the three cartridges and determined that the 9mm is, in fact, similar in both effectiveness and stopping power. And with less recoil and its ability to be controlled by everyone, the 9mm is an appropriate, universal weapon for organizations like the FBI, and also for civilians.

To combat marksmanship, it’s not just about the power of the ammo – it’s also about shot placement. And in many cases, even with people who regularly shoot high-caliber pistols, shot placement with a 9mm handgun is more accurate, more often.

While these guns and rounds tend to have great precision, it should also be noted that 9mm ammunition is affordable. Full-metal jacketed (FMJ) cartridges, the kind used for practice on the shooting range, are readily available and much less expensive than its high-caliber counterparts. And when buying bulk 9mm ammo, it’s even cheaper.

The cheaper the ammunition is to buy, the more often a shooter goes shooting. And the more rounds they put through their firearm, the more practice they get. As with anything, the more practice, the better the skill. Because 9mm ammo is less expensive, those who own and shoot 9mm handguns are more likely to shoot the gun more often and become better skilled with that gun over others that they own.

9mm Ammo Types & Their Uses

For use in the armed forces, law enforcement, and self defense, there have been times the 9mm cartridge has spurred much debate over its lack of stopping power, especially when compared to the .45 ACP. Yet with modern technology, 9mm ammunition comes in a variety of types for a multitude of situations – including combat, on-duty, and defense.

  • Unjacketed: Unjacketed ammo features plan lead bullets with no outer casing, making them slow and less powerful
  • Full metal jackets (FMJ): FMJ 9mm ammo is, by far, the most common and features a lead bullet encased in copper or another hard metal; they’re used primarily for target and range shooting
  • Jacketed hollow point (JHP): JHP loads feature a lead bullet with a hollow point inside, but is still encased in copper; these bullets expand on impact, increasing stopping power, and are used by the military, law enforcement, and for self defense
  • Open tip match (OTM): OTM ammunition is designed for target and competition shooting, similar to hollow points, but not as deadly, these cartridges are accurate and consistent
  • Ballistic tips: Hollow point ammo with a plastic tip, 9mm ballistic cartridges are designed for pistol hunting, bringing stopping power and distance

Beyond these differences in bullet design, there’s variances in bullet weight, casing, and pressure. Most FMJ 9mm ammunition weighs between 115 and 147 gr. General range rounds weigh 115 gr, while 9mm NATO is 124 gr, and some 9mm self-defense rounds are even heavier at 135 gr.

Casings on 9mm cartridges, sometimes referred to as the shells, are made from brass, aluminum, or steel. Brass is by far the most common due to the ease of reloading, while steel is used to keep costs down. Aluminum is becoming more popular because it’s affordable and lightweight, although it can’t be reloaded, making many avid shooters stick to traditional brass shells.

There’s a noticeable difference with more powerful ammo when it comes to its loaded pressure. 9mm NATO, self-defense cartridges, and 9mm +P or +P+ rounds – all four types of these cartridges fire hotter and have an increase in power due to higher pressure.

Are There Different Types of 9mm Cartridges?

While the 9mm Luger (aka the 9mm Parabellum and the 9x19mm) is the world’s most popular cartridge in both military handguns and submachine guns, it’s not the only 9mm cartridge available. A wide range of rounds featuring the 9mm bullet have been developed since its birth in 1902, some better than others.

  • 9mm Ultra: Also referred to as 9mm Police, these cartridges were designed for the German police and fall between the 9mm Luger and the .380 Auto. The shell measures one mm shorter than the Luger and one mm longer than the .380, leading to a casing length just .04 inches shorter than the 9x19mm. Although this cartridge is difficult to find in the U.S., there are a handful of nice firearms chambered for it, including the Sig Sauer P230 and Benelli B76 Auto.
  • 9mm Bayard Long: This 9mm cartridge was designed for the 1910 Model Bergmann-Bayard pistol, which was the official sidearm of the Danish military during the period. Although the cartridge (and the firearms they were designed for) were never manufactured in the U.S., some Spanish pistols were chambered for the 9mm Bayard Long and the ammo gained popularity after World War II due to military surplus.
  • 9mm Browning Long: The 9mm Browning Long was a European cartridge designed for the FN Browning 1903 Model pistol, which became the official sidearm of Sweden in 1907. Many of these pistols were released to the public after WWII as military surplus and most have been altered to fire .380 ACP ammo.
  • 9mm Mauser: The 9mm Mauser was used for a brief period from its development in 1908 for the Export Model Mauser until the gun was discontinued in 1914. Nearly a quarter-inch longer than the 9mm Luger, this rimless cartridge did have a comeback during WWI when some submachine guns were chambered for it.
  • 9mm Winchester Magnum: Released in 1988, the 9mm Winchester Magnum was designed for the stainless steel Wildey gas-operated pistol used in silhouette competitions.
  • 9mm Glisenti: The Italian military used the 9mm Glisenti during WWI and WWII. Although it highly resembles the 9mm Luger, they’re not interchangeable. The Glisenti has a significantly lighter load and the Model 1910 Glisenti automatic pistols the cartridge was designed for can’t handle the power of a 9mm Luger.
  • 9mm ABC Mi-Bullet: Made by Advanced Ballistics Concepts, LLC, the 9mm Mi-bullet features a multipart bullet that uses Kevlar tethers that unlock and expand, allowing this 9mm cartridge to act like a shotshell. Designed as a self-defense load, the bullet reaches maximum expansion at 12 feet and holds its pattern until 21 feet, increasing the probability of hitting an attacker.
  • 9x21mm: In countries like Italy, Mexico, and France, the government prohibits its citizens from owning firearms chambered in military calibers, which makes the 9mm Luger illegal. To overcome this, the 9x21mm was developed, measuring just two mm longer than the 9x19mm.
  • 9mm Steyr: Designed for the Austrian military pistol, the Steyr Model 1912 Auto, the 9mm Steyr is longer than the Parabellum, with a case length of 23mm. Common in Austria, this cartridge is also found in Romania and Chile.
  • 9x23mm Winchester: Winchester released its 9x23mm Winchester ammunition in 1996. Designed to meet the specific regulations of the International Practical Shooting Confederation (IPSC). A high-pressure cartridge, the 9x23 Winchester looks like a stretched out 9mm Luger, but has many internal differences.
  • 9mm Federal: The 9mm Federal was designed as a rimmed 9mm Luger for revolvers – specifically the Charter Arms PitBull, a five-shot double-action revolver. This firearm was only briefly manufactured after the cartridge’s creation in 1989, as Charter Arms went out of business (although the company later reopened).
  • 9mm Kurz: The 9mm Kurz uses a 9mm bullet in a shorter, 17mm casing. Designed in 1912 by John Browning, this ammunition is sometimes referred to as the 9mm Browning Short, but is most commonly known as the .380 ACP.

9mm ammo has come a long way since its conception over a century ago, dominating the ammunition market as well as law enforcement agencies to this day. With its many types of cartridges, variety of uses, range of ammo types, affordability, ease of use, and ability to work in different firearms – the 9mm Luger (or whatever you’d like to call it) will remain one of the most popular calibers for years to come.

9mm Ballistics: Chart of Average 9mm Luger Ballistics

Note: This information comes from the manufacturer and is for informational purposes only. The actual ballistics obtained with your firearm can vary considerably from the advertised ballistics. Also, ballistics can vary from lot to lot with the same brand and type load.

9mm Bullet WEIGHT Muzzle VELOCITY (fps) Muzzle ENERGY (ft. lbs.) Mid-Range TRAJECTORY (in.) Barrel Length (in.)
  Muzzle 50 yds. 100 yds. Muzzle 50 yds. 100 yds. 50 yds. 100 yds.  
80 Grain 1445 n/a n/a n/a 385 n/a n/a n/a n/a
88 Grain

1500

1190 1010 440 275 200 0.6 3.1 4"
90 Grain 1360 1112 978 370 247 191 n/a n/a 4"
92 Grain 1325 1117 991 359 255 201 -3.2 n/a 4"
95 Grain 1300 1140 1010 350 275 215 0.8 3.4 4"
100 Grain 1180 1080 n/a 305 255 n/a 0.9 n/a 4"
105 Grain "Guard Dog" 1230 1070 970 355 265 220 n/a n/a 4"
115 Grain 1155 1045 970 340 280 240 0.9 3.9 4"
123 Grain 1110 1030 970 340 290 260 1 4 4"
124 Grain 1150 1040 965 364 298 256 -4.5 n/a 4"
125 Grain 1110 1030 970 340 290 260 1 4 4"
135 Grain 1010 960 918 306 276 253 n/a n/a 4"
140 Grain 935 890 850 270 245 225 1.3 5.5 4"
147 Grain 990 940 900 320 290 265 1.1 4.9 4"
90 Grain +P 1475 n/a n/a 437 n/a n/a n/a n/a 4"
115 Grain +P 1250 1113 1019 399 316 265 0.8 3.5 4"
124 Grain +P 1180 1089 1021 384 327 287 0.8 3.8 4"
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