30-06 Ammo For Sale

Known for its versatility and accuracy, the .30-06 has been used for hunting everything from prairie dogs to moose. With over 100 years of service to hunters, military and law enforcement, .30-06 ammo is a proven performer. Learn More

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  1. Fiocchi 30-06 Ammo - 200 Rounds of 150 Grain SST Ammunition

    2 In stock now

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    Image For 200 Rounds Of 150 Grain SST Boxer Brass 30-06 Fiocchi Ammunition
    $219.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi

    • New Condition
    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi
    • Foreign-made Range
    • $1.10 Cost Per Round
    • 2925 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2849 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Fiocchi SKU 3006HSA
    • UPC 762344861005
  2. Federal 30-06 Ammo - 200 Rounds of 150 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    10 In stock now

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    Image For 200 Rounds Of 150 Grain FMJ Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $235.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Range
    • $1.18 Cost Per Round
    • 2740 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2500 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU AE3006M1
    • UPC 20029465060415
  3. Federal 30-06 Ammo - 200 Rounds of 168 Grain HPBT Ammunition

    3 In stock now

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    Image For 200 Rounds Of 168 Grain HPBT Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $235.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 200 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Range
    • $1.18 Cost Per Round
    • 2700 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2719 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU GM3006M
  4. Fiocchi 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 150 Grain SST Ammunition

    10 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 150 Grain SST Boxer Brass 30-06 Fiocchi Ammunition
    $23.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi
    • Foreign-made Range
    • $1.20 Cost Per Round
    • 2900 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2810 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Fiocchi SKU 3006HSA
    • UPC 762344704319
  5. Federal 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 168 Grain HPBT Ammunition

    47 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 168 Grain HPBT Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $24.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Range
    • $1.20 Cost Per Round
    • 2700 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2719 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU GM3006M
    • UPC 029465089344
  6. Fiocchi 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 168 Grain Hollow Point Boat Tail Ammunition

    27 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 168 Grain HPBT Boxer Brass 30-06 Fiocchi Ammunition
    $24.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi
    • Foreign-made Range
    • $1.20 Cost Per Round
    • Fiocchi SKU 3006MKB
    • UPC 762344704203
  7. 30-06 - 180 gr Sierra Match - Fiocchi - 20 Rounds

    6 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain OTM Boxer Brass 30-06 Fiocchi Ammunition
    $24.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Fiocchi
    • Foreign-made Range
    • $1.25 Cost Per Round
    • 2665 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • Fiocchi SKU 3006MKD
    • UPC 762344704210
  8. Federal 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 150 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    88 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 150 Grain FMJ Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $24.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Range
    • $1.25 Cost Per Round
    • 2740 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2500 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU AE3006M1
    • UPC 029465060411
  9. Hornady 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain SST Ammunition

    15 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain SST Boxer Brass 30-06 Hornady Ammunition
    $28.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady
    • American-made Range
    • $1.45 Cost Per Round
    • 2820 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 3178 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Hornady SKU 81183
    • UPC 090255811834
  10. Hornady 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 150 Grain SST Ammunition

    56 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 150 Grain SST Boxer Brass 30-06 Hornady Ammunition
    $29.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady
    • American-made Range
    • $1.50 Cost Per Round
    • 3080 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 3159 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Hornady SKU 81093
    • UPC 090255810936
  11. Winchester Ballistic Silvertip 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 150 Grain Polymer Tipped Ammunition

    24 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 150 Grain Polymer Tipped Boxer Nickel-Plated Brass 30-06 Winchester Ammunition
    $29.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.50 Cost Per Round
    • 2900 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2801 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Winchester SKU SBST3006
    • UPC 020892210288
  12. Federal Vital-Shok 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain Trophy Copper Polymer Tipped Ammunition

    14 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain Polymer Tipped Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $31.50 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Hunting
    • 180 Grain
    • Polymer Tipped Bullet
    • Brass Casing
    • Boxer Primer
    • $1.58 Cost Per Round
    • 2700 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2913 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU P3006TC1
    • UPC 029465063535
  13. Hornady 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 165 Grain GMX Ammunition

    11 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 165 Grain GMX Boxer Brass 30-06 Hornady Ammunition
    $31.99 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.60 Cost Per Round
    • 2800 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2872 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Hornady SKU 81163
    • UPC 090255811636
  14. Winchester AccuBond CT 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain Polymer Tipped Ammunition

    4 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain Polymer Tipped Boxer Brass 30-06 Winchester Ammunition
    $32.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Hunting
    • 180 Grain
    • Polymer Tipped Bullet
    • Brass Casing
    • Boxer Primer
    • $1.60 Cost Per Round
    • 2750 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 3022 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Winchester SKU S3006CT
    • UPC 020892214361
  15. Federal Vital-Shok 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 165 Grain Nosler Ballistic Tip Ammunition

    17 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 165 Grain Nosler Ballistic Tip Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $33.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.65 Cost Per Round
    • 2800 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2872 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU P3006Q
    • UPC 029465090319
  16. Winchester Ballistic Silvertip 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain Polymer Tipped Ammunition

    5 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain Polymer Tipped Boxer Nickel-Plated Brass 30-06 Winchester Ammunition
    $33.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Winchester
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.65 Cost Per Round
    • 2750 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 3022 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Winchester SKU SBST3006B
    • UPC 020892213968
  17. Federal Vital-Shok 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain Nosler Partition Ammunition

    47 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain Nosler Partition Boxer Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $35.49 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.77 Cost Per Round
    • 2700 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2913 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU P3006F
    • UPC 029465084691
  18. Federal Vital-Shok 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain Trophy Bonded Tip Ammunition

    4 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain Trophy Bonded Tip Boxer Nickel-Plated Brass 30-06 Federal Ammunition
    $36.00 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Federal
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.80 Cost Per Round
    • 2700 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 2913 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Federal SKU P3006TT1
    • UPC 029465099466
  19. Hornady Superformance 30-06 Ammo - 20 Rounds of 180 Grain GMX Ammunition

    20 In stock now

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    Image For 20 Rounds Of 180 Grain GMX Boxer Brass 30-06 Hornady Ammunition
    $38.50 Price

    Qty:

    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady

    • New Condition
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Hornady
    • American-made Hunting
    • $1.93 Cost Per Round
    • 2820 FPS Muzzle Velocity
    • 3178 ft lbs Muzzle Energy
    • Hornady SKU 81187
    • UPC 090255811872
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You're free to republish or share any of our rifle caliber histories (either in part or in full), which are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Our only requirement is that you give Ammo.com appropriate credit by linking to the original article. Spread the word; knowledge is power!

In 1906, the U.S. Army adopted the .30-06 to stay ahead of the advancing technology of firearms and ammunition. The U.S. military based its primary battle rifles on this cartridge for the next half century. And although created for battle, the .30-06 was also rapidly accepted by civilian shooters. At first the round was not standardized, though this later changed.

The United States Army continued to use the round well into the 1980s, and it is still a prized round of civilian shooters. Its name comes from a combination of the bullet calibre (.30”) and the year the round was introduced (1906). This is why it was originally known as the “30 Government ‘06.” The full name today is the .30-06 Springfield.

Grain Options and 30-06

According to Gun Digest, it’s the only round you need for just about anything. No less an authority than Field and Stream called it the greatest cartridge of all time. This is in part due to the wide array of bullet weights available for the cartridge, including:

  • 125 and 130 Grain: The appropriate bullet weight for varmint shooting.
  • 150 Grain: One of the preferred weights for deer hunting, with a quick speed and an explosive impact.
  • 165 Grain: This is the porridge that Goldilocks ate, sitting in the Golden Mean of all bullet weights available for the 30-06.
  • 180 Grain: Another strong contender for the best all-around weight for a 30-06. This, much like the 165, offers the perfect balance between speed and stopping power.
  • 200 Grain: It’s not very fast, but there’s not much this bullet won’t be able to take down. This is great for anything bigger than a deer, all the way up to what you might find on the African plains.

It was the Spanish-American War that revealed major differences between the rifles of the U.S. Army and the rifles of other countries, both in cartridge and caliber. The most common military cartridge of the time, the .30-40 Krag, was being outdone by faster, farther-reaching bullets with spitzer points that retained accuracy and energy at greater ranges. Arising from this need, the .30-06 was an improved version of the .30-03.

This new cartridge, designated M1906, was built to regularly engage targets as distant as 1,000 yards and was lethal to a range of 3,400 yards (if the muzzle was elevated to approximately 45 degrees).

The Improvement of the 30-06

The 30-06 was part of a broader adoption of lighter-weight rounds at the beginning of the 20th century. The previous service round, the 30-03, was a round-nosed bullet failing to keep up with the changes in the world of military hardware.

The .30-06 Springfield (as the round was originally officially known, or catalog number M1906) was the American foray into the field. Range estimates were initially overrated. During World War I, the American military primarily used British and French machine guns. When switching over to American weapons chambered for the 30-06, they found a 50-percent drop in effective range.

Post-war testing eventually sorted out the problems with the 30-06 range. By 1926, rounding the cartridge and changing the jacket led to increased speed leaving the muzzle, which in turn led to increased range.

The M1906, including the variations that followed, was the primary cartridge for rifles and machine guns in the U.S. military, until being replaced with the 7.62 NATO cartridge in 1954. Until then, the .30-06 was chambered in rifles that came to be well known, including the M1903, M1917 and M1 Garand. Machine guns that fired the .30-06 include the M1917, M1919 and the BAR. The military even re-chambered some its Gatling guns to also fire the M1906.

The civilian market embraced the .30-06, which is why virtually every major firearms manufacturer has produced at least one rifle for this cartridge. It is available for sale in all common rifle action configurations, and is even chambered for a pistol as well. .30-06 ammo remains arguably the most used round for hunting in the United States, as it will easily harvest all game animals in the Continental U.S. The competitive shooting community has also contributed to its popularity.

30-06: King of the Wildcats

Part of the reason for the round’s popularity is that the wartime surplus market had over two billion rounds floating around. At the time, the military’s regulations said that the oldest forms of ammunition needed to be trained first, which means that several generations of the military got their earliest rifle training with the 30-06. The round enjoyed a military renaissance when it was discovered that the range of the .30 M1 ball ammunition was not safe for existing ranges. There was a scramble to get as much 30-06 ammunition as possible back into circulation to replace all of the 30 M1 that the military could no longer safely use.

Another reason for the round’s popularity is the sheer number of weapons chambered for it, some of which include:

  • Browning automatic rifle
  • Famage Mauser
  • M1 Garland
  • M1903 Springfield
  • M1917
  • M1918 Enfield
  • M1919
  • M1941 Johnson

The 30-06 was the primary round of American servicemen during both World Wars, the Korean War and the Vietnam War – which was the last time the round saw extensive use in the military during wartime, becoming primarily a civilian round after that conflict. The round was also used by the Belgian military. In 1908, Winchester released its Model 1895, a lever-action rifle that was the first commercial-grade hunting rifle chambered for the 30-06.

What’s more, the 30-06 was popular as a parent round for wildcatted cartridges and was also extremely popular among hand reloaders. This is because of the sheer amount of them lying around.

The .30-06 is loaded in many different ways. Common bullets weigh between 100 and 220 grains, and types of bullets run the gamut from eXergy to FMJ and SP. Major manufacturers make a point of offering their newest hunting and match bullet technologies in .30-06, since demand for this cartridge has been solid and steady for more than a century.

30-06 vs 308 Win

One round that the 30-06 is frequently compared to is the 308 Win. This is because the two rounds have the same caliber, with the main difference being the overall length of the round. Here are some of the other differences between the .308 Win and the .30-06:

  • Accuracy: This is where the rubber meets the road for a lot of the differences between any two rounds of ammunition. In fact, the 308 largely displaced the 30-06 for accurate target shooting, leading to the shrinking of the size of the bullseye. Today the two are roughly equivalent for accuracy, thanks to improvements in ballistics technology. Likewise, an apples-to-apples comparison of the two calibres will find little significant difference between the two as regards to which is best for hunting.
  • Rifle Selection: If you want a wider array of rifles to choose from, there’s just no question that the 308 Winchester is the winning round here. This is due to the legacy of the 308 Win’s status as the primary NATO round for decades. Even in the realm of bolt-on hunting rifles, there’s just no comparison when it comes to the two for rifle selection.
  • Ammo Selection: The 30-06 ammunition on the market today is mostly for hunting. The intensely accurate match-grade ammunition is more readily available in the 308, though not non-existent in the 30-06. For those into hand reloading, the 30-06 offers far more variety than does the 308.

As with many similar rounds, the answer to “which one is better?” relies almost completely on what you wish to accomplish. And, as always, there are subtle differences between ammo depending on the manufacturer, even when we’re discussing the same caliber.

The 30-06 continues to be popular and widely available, ensuring that it will likely continue to dominate among the most common choices for hunters and sport shooters wanting a cartridge with long-range accuracy and power.

30-06 Ballistics: Chart of Average 30-06 Ballistics

Note: This information comes from the manufacturer and is for informational purposes only. The actual ballistics obtained with your firearm can vary considerably from the advertised ballistics. Also, ballistics can vary from lot to lot with the same brand and type load.

30-06 Bullet WEIGHT Muzzle VELOCITY (fps) Muzzle ENERGY (ft. lbs.) TRAJECTORY (in.)
  Muzzle 100 yds. 200 yds. 300 yds. 400 yds. Muzzle 100 yds. 200 yds. 300 yds. 400 yds. 100 yds. 200 yds. 300 yds. 400 yds.
55 Grain 4080 3485 2965 2502 2083 2033 1483 1074 764 530 2 1.9 -2.1 -11.7
125 Grain 2660 2335 2034 1757 n/a 1964 1513 1148 856 n/a 0 -5.2 -18.9 0
125 Grain 2700 2412 2143 1891 1660 2023 1615 1274 993 765 2.3 0 -9.9 -29.5
125 Grain 3140 2780 2447 2138 1853 2736 2145 1662 1279 953 2 1 -6.2 -21
150 Grain 2910 2617 2342 2083 1853 2820 2281 1827 1445 1135 2.5 0.8 -7.2 -23.4
150 Grain 3080 2848 2617 2417 2216 3159 2700 2298 1945 1636 1.4 0 -6.4 -18.9
165 Grain 2800 2534 2283 2047 1825 2872 2352 1909 1534 1220 2.5 0.4 -8.4 -25.5
168 Grain 2710 2522 2346 2169 2003 2739 2372 2045 1754 1497 2.5 0.4 -8 -23.5
168 Grain M1 Garand 2710 2523 2343 2171 2006 2739 2374 2048 1758 1501 2.3 0 -8.6 -24.6
170 Grain 2000 1740 1510 n/a n/a 1510 1145 860 n/a n/a 0 0 0 0
178 Grain 2720 2511 2311 2121 1939 2924 2491 2111 1777 1486 2.5 0.4 -8.2 -24.6
180 Grain 2700 2469 2250 2042 1846 2913 2436 2023 1666 1362 -2.5 0 -9.3 -27
180 Grain Superformance 2820 2630 2447 2272 2104 3178 2764 2393 2063 1769 1.8 0 -7.6 -21.9
180 Grain High Energy 2880 2690 2500 2320 2150 3315 2880 2495 2150 1845 1.7 0 -7.2 -21
220 Grain 2410 2130 1870 1632 1422 2837 2216 1708 1301 988 2.5 -1.7 -18 0
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